Ultimate Difference Series; File System vs DBMS


Well, here we are ready with the yet another series for our readers. This going to be our Ultimate Difference Series where we will compare two similar but totally different terminologies with each other. So, in this post, we will compare the file system and DBMS with each other.

File management system or commonly known as a file system is an old, but still, an effective way to organize the data files on your system. On the opposite side, when we are talking about the security and appropriate management of the files in the data on the bases oh constraints, then it is referred to the Database management system aka DBMS.

What are they?

So, if you see both the terms are related to the data management which makes them similar, but the methods used in both terms to manage data are polar apart. Thus, it is a pure topic of our study.

The file system is a traditional method of storing and organizing the data which makes it easy to access. Earlier, folks use to maintain the record books or register to record the data files, but it is quite complicated to make alterations in this system. So, when the computers come, then the drives where use to record the data files.

Basically, in the file system data is stored in the isolate form so that each file has its own property table and physical location on the system. It is easier to locate files like images, text, etc., but there is security is less because only options available to these files are the options given by the operating system such as locks, hidden files, and sharing.

So, here Database management system can become a highly effective way to store data files as a high level of security is maintained in it.  DBMS stores data in the shape of interlaced tables and files. Which consists of DBMS providers that are used to store and alter the data.

Overall, the database management system is a logical and significant way to store the data. As the data redundancy has been minimized in it. And, the security of data is optimized using the passwords, encryption/decryption, and other systems.

Difference Between File System & Database Management System


The file system is very general so it can be easily used and managed by anyone. It doesn’t involve any constraints and security to manage this system. However, the database management system revolves around the different layers of constraints and security, so it is not easy to use it.

Data redundancy.

In a file system, data redundancy can be seen more as compared to the database management system.

Data inconsistency.

Database management system is more consistent as compared to the file system.


It’s difficult to achieve the set standards of the centralization in the file management system. In database management system everything is already managed logistically so achieving centralization is easier here.

Physical location.

In a file management system, the user has to physically access the address of the file to retrieve it. On the contrary, DBMS user is unaware of the physical address of the stored data.


There is no doubt that the level of security in the database management system is higher and better, then the file management system.


Isolated files are stored in the file management system. Database Management System stores structured data which have well-defined constraints and interrelation.

So, folks that were our wrap of this series first post, but don’t worry just like this hardcore difference we will be soon back with the other difference. Meanwhile, enjoy this article and appreciate it.


About the author

Arpit Agarwal

I am a freelancer content writer, web developer and Video editor who loves to write technical stuff and on the other hand makes awesome videos as well. I like to make people happy with my writing and also try to make sure, you come back to read more.

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By Arpit Agarwal

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